Variables psicológicas y seropositividad al VIH: aplicación de la medicina conductual en el análisis empírico de una interrelación

X. Roca, A. Tejero, J. Trujols, Q. Soler, J. Cid, M. J. Campins, C. Pinet


El objetivo de este estudio es el de analizar la relación que existe entre diversas variables psicológicas como la alexitimia, el estrés y el coping, medidas a través de distintos cuestionarios y la infección o el posible riesgo de infección de VIH, en una muestra de 107 pacientes adictos a opiáceos. Se realizó un análisis factorial mediante rotación varimax con las distintas escalas obteniéndose una solución factorial de tres factores que explicaba el 48.8% de la varianza. Los tres factores obtenidos son: Factor 1: Desesperanza, Factor 2: Racionabilidad y Emocionabilidad, Factor 3: Acción. Se comentan las posibles estrategias terapéuticas teniendo en cuenta estos factores.

Palabras clave

adictos a opiáceos; VIH; estrés; coping; alexitimia

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