Comportamientos sexuales de riesgo en pacientes brasileños dependientes de drogas no inyectables

Alessandra Diehl, Denise Leite Vieira, G. Hussein Rassool, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Ronaldo Laranjeira

Resumen


Este estudio pretende evaluar los comportamientos sexuales de riesgo en pacientes dependientes de sustancias no inyectables admitidos en hospitalización especializada brasileña. Se realizó un estudio transversal con información sociodemográfica, información sobre el comportamiento sexual, droga de elección y se les aplicó el Short Alcohol Dependence Data, Drug Abuse Screening, Test for Nicotine Dependence. La muestra fueron 299 sujetos con distintos niveles de vulnerabilidad sexual medida combinando el número de parejas sexuales  con la frecuencia de uso del condón en sus relaciones sexuales durante el último año. Los resultados muestran que entre  los sujetos del grupo de alto riesgo aproximadamente un 39%  tuvieron también una mayor prevalencia de otros comportamientos sexuales de riesgo, como sexo con prostitutas (RR1.96), experiencias homosexuales y experiencias homosexuales a cambio de drogas, historia de infecciones de transmisión sexual (RR1.39), realización de la prueba del VIH,  uso de la píldora del día después (RR1.78) y aborto inducido. La probabilidad de que los usuarios de alcohol o cocaína tuvieran un comportamiento sexual de alto riesgo fue 2.47 y 1.66 veces respectivamente más alta que los consumidores de crack. Además, los usuarios con niveles sustanciales o graves de problemas de drogas tenían 3.64 veces mayor probabilidad de comportamiento sexual de alto riesgo. Identificar, prevenir y gestionar las conductas  sexuales relacionadas con el consumo de alcohol y otras de drogas es una excelente oportunidad para fortalecer su tratamiento.


Palabras clave


Sexual behavior; substance-related disorders; condoms; sexual partners; crack/cocaine

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.2

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