Revisión sistemática de programas de prevención familiar universal: análisis en términos de eficacia, retención y adherencia

Jorge Nuno Negreiros de Carvalho, Lluís Ballester Brague, María Valero de Vicente, Joan Amer Fernández

Resumen


La adherencia es un aspecto importante para la eficacia de las intervenciones familiares de prevención universal de drogas. Algunas aproximaciones sugieren mejorar las evaluaciones sobre adherencia, ya que resultan parciales y no tienen en cuenta todas sus dimensiones. El objetivo del estudio es analizar las medidas de adherencia y retención utilizadas en los programas de intervención familiar para la prevención del consumo en jóvenes de 10-14 años. Para ello se revisa la literatura sobre programas universales que han obtenido buenos resultados preventivos. Las fuentes de información consultadas son: PubMed, PsycINFO (EBSCO), PsycArticles (EBSCO), Social Work abstracts (EBSCO), CINAHL (EBSCO) SocIndex (EBSCO), Scopus, Academic Search Premier (EBSCO), SCIC-ISOC, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ERIC, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Project Cork, Researchgate y consulta expertos. Los resultados de la búsqueda muestran 21 estudios que pertenecen a 6 programas familiares: Strengthening Families Programme 10-14, Parents Who Care, Family Check-Up, Linking Lives Health, Prevention of Alcohol use in Students y Örebro Prevention Program. Los estudios analizados aportan poca información sobre los diferentes elementos involucrados en la adherencia. La retención y la atricción diferencial son los datos que aparecen con mayor frecuencia, mientras que otros aspectos como la participación activa no aparecen en los estudios. Se discuten los resultados y se realizan recomendaciones para mejorar la evaluación de la adherencia y retención en los programas de prevención familiar.

Palabras clave


Adherencia; Retención; Programas familiares; Prevención; Universal

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.1381

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