Reconceptualizando los procesos de prevención del consumo de drogas

Zili Sloboda


En el campo de la prevención del consumo de drogas se ha avanzado mediante la convergencia de las teorías del comportamiento humano, una mejor comprensión de los factores asociados con el inicio de dicho consumo, y unas metodologías de investigación más sofisticadas que no afectan sólo al diseño del estudio y la medición, sino también al análisis de datos. Por todas estas razones, se precisa de una reconceptualización de la intención y la función de la prevención con el fin de perfeccionar el desarrollo de la intervención y de la aplicación.

Esta revisión se centra principalmente en la prevención del consumo de drogas, pero sus implicaciones son claras para otros comportamientos de resultado de la prevención. Los conceptos incluidos en este artículo se ven estimulados por los avances recientes en la comprensión del desarrollo neurobiológico y se han revisado tomando en consideración la interacción entre vulnerabilidad individual e influencias ambientales. También se recurre al concepto de socialización y al papel de la socialización y de los agentes socializadores en cualquier sociedad. 

Palabras clave

prevención; toma de decisiones; vulnerabilidad; medio ambiente; socialización.

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