La legalización de los derivados del cannabis en España: Hipótesis sobre un potencial mercado emergente

Arturo Álvarez, Juan F. Gamella, Iván Parra

Resumen


En este artículo se analiza en primer lugar las dimensiones que tiene el mercado de cannabis en España en base a los datos disponibles sobre la extensión del consumo y las pautas de uso de los consumidores. A continuación se repasan y comparan los costes de producción y distribución del cannabis en distintos regímenes de producción y diversas condiciones jurídicas. Se observa cómo los precios del cannabis al detalle en el mercado ilegal son bastante altos y podrían reducirse considerablemente si se legalizasen la producción y la comercialización. En tercer lugar, se examina la relación que hay entre los precios y el consumo a través del análisis de la elasticidad del precio de la demanda. Se pone de manifiesto cómo una caída de los precios probablemente resulte en un aumento tanto en el número de usuarios como en la cantidad total consumida por estos. Por último, se consideran distintas alternativas de fiscalización destinadas a contrarrestar la caída de precios de los derivados del cannabis, mostrando sus fortalezas y debilidades.

Palabras clave


políticas sobre drogas; mercados de drogas ilícitas; marihuana; precios; legalización del cannabis; España.

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.807